The market offers many options and finding which processor to buy for your PC could be quite a complex task. It is not difficult to identify the manufacturers, since there are only two, Intel and AMD , but it is difficult to choose the model that best suits us and thus pay what is just and what is necessary to get the best experience.
In this article we will try to know the keys to find the best processor , for this we will know the main characteristics that we must take into account and know, in addition to what the manufacturers provide us.
if you are a gamer and you are tired of playing the games without having someone to comment on it or that you simply want to share your games live with the world, the easiest way is by streaming your games. To be able to stream you will need a computer appropriate for the task that will provide you with the necessary power to do so .
The first thing we must ask ourselves before buying a new computer is to know what is the most important element to be able to stream. While in the gamer world the focus is on the graphics card, since this is in charge of providing us with all the graphic power that makes our games look so good and so fluid when playing them. In the world of streaming things change a bit, since the processor for streaming becomes very important since it is what determines how the users of the streaming platform will see the gameplay
Keys To Choosing The Best Processor
At this point we believe that no one will have doubts about the role that a processor plays in our computer. The CPU is the central processing unit of a computer, a small chip in which there are thousands of integrated circuits and transistors that are capable of executing the instructions necessary to run the operating system and the applications and drivers that are installed in it.
Many elements are involved in a processor that we must take into account to obtain the best performance and quality . Some of the main ones will be, the architecture , the configuration of cores , the cache , the connection socket and the frequency . Let’s see all of them little by little to get to know them better.
The Architecture And Manufacturing Process. Intel and AMD
Well, if we have to start with something, it is because of what each of the manufacturers can provide us. We could understand architecture as the way in which a processor treats the instructions that pass through it . In this case we have little doubt about the architecture of today’s desktop processors, since they all work according to x86 instructions , since Intel invented this and AMD implemented it as well.
Another factor that intervenes in the architecture is the data bus or the word width with which a processor is capable of working. Nor is there much to say, since 100% of PC processors work on a 64-bit bus , that is, in each work cycle, instructions with 64 ones and zeroes of information pass through it. Before, these were 32-bit, so for all practical purposes, the processing power will be double .
The other factor to know is the manufacturing process , and here we do have big differences between AMD and Intel . The manufacturing process deals with the miniaturization of the integrated circuits that are inside the processor, its cores and encapsulation. It is normally defined as the size of the transistors that make up their logic gates and the material with which they are made.
In today’s age, Intel is making 14-nanometer (nm) processors that have had several upgrades, called generations, already carried out. The ones we must know are the 7th with the name Kaby Lake , and the 8th with the name Coffee Lake . These will be the processors currently for sale from this manufacturer.
On the part of AMD we find the AMD Ryzen of the architecture called Zen , in which we have the Zen 1 and Zen 2 with a 12 nm process , and it is expected that in June Z will arrive in 3, reducing the transistors to only 7 nm .
Cores, Threads And Frequency
Until a few years ago, a processor had only one core inside. The kernel is the one in charge of performing the operations requested by the system . Here comes the concept of processing frequency, which is measured in Hz or cycles per second . In each cycle, the processor performs an operation, so if for example a processor is 1 GHz , that is, 1,000,000 Hz, then it will do all these operations every second.
As current processors have several of these cores , also called Cores , we can understand them as subprocessors that are within the same encapsulation of the CPU. Each of these cores is capable of performing operations by themselves, so they will multiply the effectiveness of the processor. If for example we have a 6-core CPU , we can do 6 operations in each cycle.
Related nuclei are the Threads , threads or processing threads . The threads control the flow of control and the times assigned to tasks. for practical purposes, it makes the CPU believe that it is executing more than one task in each cycle, since it subdivides them into chunks.
At present and for a desktop computer, we cannot ask for less than 4 processing cores . Desktop systems are heavy and even more so when we start to open applications and games. With a quad-core CPU we will get a good experience and fluidity for almost any user in multitasking. If we work with design, programming, and rendering programs, it is recommended to have 6 cores or more .
Cache Memory Of A Processor.
We all know the RAM memory, a random access memory where all the instructions of the programs that are being executed are stored, as well as the processes that will be sent to the CPU. To lighten the matter, CPUs have their own much faster and much smaller memory to hold instructions that will be imminently processing.
The cache is divided into three levels L1, L2, and L3 , ordered from fastest to slowest and from lowest to highest capacity. We will almost always serve the L3 cache . A processor with a 6 MB L3 cache will already be considered a good match, and with figures higher than 8 MB they will be more than recommended for multitasking and to have a fluid system in large workloads.
Remember, The Motherboard Must Be Compatible
Another aspect that many overlook when looking at which processor to buy is motherboard and socket compatibility . It is an easy subject to understand, the processor that we buy must be connected to the motherboard through a socket. For starters, Intel will have its own and AMD its own , so the first difference lies in buying a suitable board for each manufacturer.
Here the chipset comes into play, which is already much more complex to explain, because there is enough for each case. Let’s focus on the socket.
Intel : this manufacturer currently has processors that are installed in two types of socket for desktop computers, the LGA 1151 cpu and the LGA 2066 . The first of them is the most generic, for the Intel Core i , oriented to desktop PCs for daily work, games, and almost everything that a normal user does. The second is intended for the most powerful processors brand, called WorkStation would be the Intel Core X .
AMD : in AMD it is almost the same, we have the AM4 socket that is intended for processors oriented to computers is general purpose desktop , for normal and high workloads and users who play, its name is AMD Ryzen 3, 5 or 7 . Then we have the TR4 socket , much larger and that are basically two Ryzen united in one, processors oriented to WorkStation where multitasking capacity and very heavy processes prevail. Its name is AMD Ryzen Threadripper .
The smart buy are certainly LGA 1151 socket Intel and AM4 socket AMD processors . In addition, the next generation of 7nm AMD CPUs will be compatible with this same socket, although it remains to be seen if it also on current boards.
At this point you can say: I have an LGA 1151 socket board with a 6th Gen Intel processor. Can I then buy an 8th grade and place it? And the truth is that no , since, despite being the same socket, neither chipset nor pins are compatible with the operating architecture of a 7th and 8th generation processor.
Conclusion And Recommendations To Complete The Purchase
So far our article on which processor to buy for your PC. With the purchase of any of these processors, you must surely buy a motherboard up to the task and also RAM and heatsink , we leave you with our updated guides on hardware: